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Nasheed urge CMAG to keep Maldives on their agenda until all violations have been dealt with
Former President Mohamed Nasheed has urged the Commonwealth Ministerial Action Group (Cmag) to keep Maldives on their agenda until all human rights violations have been dealt with.
The former President made this remark in an article he wrote for Guardian blog during his visit to UK.
“If Cmag were to remove the Maldives from its agenda the chances of securing justice for the victims of human rights violations, and of ever again having free and fair elections in the country, would disappear. The Maldives would once again become a police state, and our cherished democracy relegated to a footnote in the history books – a one-off experiment that failed,” he said.
The former President Nasheed urged the group members to keep the spotlight on Maldives until all violations have been dealt with, all victims have received redress, and conditions are in place for fresh elections.
Nasheed said that Maldives stand on a knife edge. He said that the country’s hard-won liberal democracy is at stake, forged from the ruins of a brutal, 30-year dictatorship – a period that was synonymous with serious human rights abuses, including extrajudicial killings and torture.
“President Maumoon Abdul Gayoom’s rule was eventually ended in 2008, by a democratic vote in which I was elected. But it is important that the outside world clearly understands that Gayoom, his allies and his henchmen are back. It was they who established, late last year, the “December coalition” of Islamic extremists who accused my government of being controlled by “Jews” and “Christians” and used incitement to religious hatred and violence as political tools. It was they who orchestrated February’s overthrow of the Maldives’ first democratically elected government. And it is they who control the current administration as well as the police and armed forces. From this position of strength, they are slowly squeezing the life out of the democratic fabric of my country.
Despite this, the Commonwealth Ministerial Action Group (Cmag), which met last week, is considering removing the Maldives situation from its agenda. A decision is expected in late Septemberlater this month. The choice before the group, comprising the foreign ministers of Australia, Bangladesh, Canada, Jamaica, Sierra Leone, Tanzania, Trinidad & Tobago and Vanuatu, could hardly be more important,” he stated.
Nasheed alleged that thousands of pro-democracy protesters in the Maldives have been brutalised by the police, arrested and imprisoned.
“Many of them have been tortured, or charged with terrorism – the favoured means, post 9/11, for repressive states to dispose of opponents. Journalists have been beaten and arrested and media outlets threatened with legal action and closure. Freedom of speech is being strictly curtailed – people can now be arrested for calling members of the current government ‘traitors’. And the country’s independent oversight bodies are being staffed with friends and relatives,” he said.
Nasheed also alleged that a growing sense of impunity is taking hold. He said that key agents of February’s coup d’etat, and the police officers responsible for the violence that followed, know they cannot be touched.
“A grotesquely one-sided report into the coup, by the Commission of National Inquiry, was co-chaired by Gayoom’s former defence minister. Despite gross and systematic human rights violations since February – all catalogued by NGOs such as Amnesty International and the International Federation of Human Rights – not one police officer or state representative has been prosecuted. Indeed, many of those responsible have been promoted,” he said.
According to Nasheed’s article, the government has said it will not do anything to ensure accountability for these crimes.
“And yet, without even a hint of irony, it is ruthlessly pursuing legal action against many of the pro-democracy campaigners elected to government in 2008, including myself. Numerous members of parliament from my party, the Maldives Democratic party, have been taken before pliant judges and stripped of their seats. Many more await trial. The government has also made clear that I and members of my former cabinet will stand trial very soon, with the home minister promising that I will be imprisoned for the rest of my life,” he stressed.
He said that the government’sr goal, in addition to revenge for their electoral defeat, is to prevent him standing in next year’s election.
“Gayoom and his allies made the mistake once of losing power through a free and fair election: they will not make the same mistake twice,” he said.